The world did not arrive at the wonderful place we see today on a road full of roses. Behind all of these achievements, there are many courageous individuals who fought for the peace, health, liberty, and rights that we enjoy today. Their sweat and blood were responsible for all of the happiness we experience today. So we’ve decided to talk about famous people who have made this world a better place, made it more beautiful.
Nelson Mandela is such a well-known figure in South Africa who sacrificed his whole life for a noble cause. However, few people are aware of this amazing man’s life story beyond his name. So here we’re going to talk about his life in a more simple way.
Nelson Mandela is the first black president in South Africa to be elected in a democratic election. A hero who raised a big voice for the blacks in the country. It would not be wrong to say that he was the first pioneer of the freedom enjoyed by blacks today, who was able to divert the unjust rule of whites that existed in that country until then. He did not hesitate to sacrifice much of his life for it. That is why he is still known as the Father of South Africa.
Birth and childhood
This great leader was born into a Thembu family in the remote village of Mvezo, in the Umtata region of South Africa. He was born on July 18, 1918. His birth name is Rolihlahla Mandela. Rolilala means “troublemaker” in their language. However, his elementary school teacher named him “Nelson”, who insisted that every child be given a Christian name. That is how he became “Nelson Mandela”. However, South Africans still fondly remember him by his tribal name, “Madiba”.
The descendants of Nelson Mandela’s father belonged to a generation of leaders of the Thembu dynasty. Nelson’s mother, however, was the third of his father’s four wives. When little Mandela was about 9 years old, his father died tragically.
When Mandela was seven, his mother first enrolled him in a local Methodist school. That’s where he gets his Christian name Nelson. Later, after the death of his father, his successor, Thembu Governor Jongintaba, and his wife admitted Mandela to a Methodist missionary school adjacent to their palace. There he studied English, Xhosa, history and geography.
Mandela began his secondary education at Clarksbury Methodist High School in 1933 and began his higher education in 1939 with a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Fort Hare. But unfortunately he does not get to complete that degree. He was expelled from university for participating in a strike.
After his expulsion from the university, he returned to his foster parents, but due to pressure from them to return to university, he secretly fled to Johannesburg. That was in 1941. While doing various jobs there, he was able to complete his degree through the University of South Africa.
Although Mandela has been involved in various political activities since 1942, he joined the African National Congress in 1944. He and 19 others were imprisoned under the Suppression of Communism Act for being the volunteer leader of a protest movement jointly organized by the African National Congress and the South African Indian Congress in 1952.
To your knowledge:- Apartheid (“apartness” in Afrikaans) was a legal system existed in South Africa that enforced segregationist practices against non-white inhabitants. This was brought into force by the apartheid regime from around 1948, and existed till around 1994.
27 Years in Jail!
In 8 April 1960, the apartheid regime banned the African National Congress (ANC) and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). Mandela left South Africa on January 11, 1962, under the name “David Motsmai”, who later went into hiding, secretly but actively campaigning against racism in South Africa. We left South Africa to obtain British support for an armed struggle. After receiving military training in Morocco and Ethiopia, Mandela returned to South Africa in July 1962. On August 5, the president of the African National Congress was informed of his whereabouts, and on his return trip he was arrested at a police roadblock outside the town of Howick.
He spent years in prison in Cape Town and wrote his autobiography. At the request of those who read the autobiography, then-President Frederik Willem de Klerk agreed to grant Mandela a conditional release. But Mandela refused this proposal and said he won’t agree to this until his party’s ban is lifted. As a result of these discussions, in 1990, President de Clarke lifted the ban on 31 parties, including the African Congress Party, and released political prisoners. President de Clarke was even awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for this action.
In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa’s first ever black president in the first multi – ethnic democratic election. He served the people of South Africa for five years from 1994 to 1999 as the president. Despite his popularity, he refused to run for a second term and continued to serve the people.
This great leader, Nelson Mandela, died on December 5, 2013 due to a respiratory ailment. He was 95 years old when he passed away. The President at that period declared a ten day mourning period for his death in appreciation of his great service.